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IJHSE Abstract

Knowledge and Awareness of the Population towards Obesity and Weight Management Medications – A Cross-Sectional Study

Kamilia Tawfik*1 , Mohamed Abdul Baseer2, Aseel Alghamdi3, and Reham Binhazza4

1Suez Canal University, Ismailia, 41522, Egypt.

2Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh 12611, Saudi Arabia.

3King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

4King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia.

*Corresponding Authors’ Contact Detail: E-mail Address ✉: kamiliatawfik@hotmail.com

Accepted January 21, 2021

Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a health risk. Strategies for obesity management include lifestyle modification, physical activity, behavior therapy, pharmacologic therapy, and metabolic surgery. The prevalence of obesity in adults in Saudi Arabia (SA) showed a progressive increase from 22% to 36% in 15 years. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the percentage of obesity between adults in SA stratified by age and gender and highlight people's awareness in managing the problem. A Cross-sectional design using a questionnaire made out of 19 questions in both languages (Arabic and English) was designed and distributed for adults in Riyadh. There is a significant association of Body Mass Index (BMI) with both gender and age. Significantly higher percentages of females follow a specific diet plan or use weight-loss medications than males to manage their weight (P=0.02). Intermittent fasting was the most tried diet plan between the study population (> 50%) with no significant difference between both genders. General awareness about obesity, its risk factors and management have to be increased to slow down the rapid increases in obesity prevalence in SA. A healthy lifestyle has been an indispensable choice not only for a healthy weight but also for an immunity boost.

Key words: awareness, cross-sectional, obesity, weight management.

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